A System's Approach to Sustainable Development

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Flint Projects

Blue Lagoon Restoration & Sustainable Community Development (SCD) in Jamaica – Sustainability Now, 2105 Main St., Napa, CA 94559 (December 2009 – November 2010). The Jamaica National Heritage Trust (JNHT) collaborated with Warren Flint and Sustainability Now, a non-profit organization from the United States of America. Seven months of research and collaborative partner building, highlighted by the presentation of the Blue Lagoon Conceptual Plan to the Ontario International Development Agency entitled "Blue Lagoon Heritage Concept Plan"at their “Summer Congress 2010” by team member, Adrienne Duperly, was capped by a “Jump-Team” 10 day assessment of SCD in Jamaica involving an on-the-ground program of public consultation, group dialogue, visioning, and strategic brainstorming with Government Agencies and stakeholder groups from the Blue Lagoon area, as well as the larger Portland Parish bioregion. We had dialogue with more than 200 community stakeholders. The week of community consultation was concluded with the Blue Lagoon Restoration & Sustainable Community Development Summit (2010) held at the Goblin Hill Hotel Conference Center on Saturday, November 20, 2010. A total of 78 people attended the Summit, which included community stakeholders and government officials. Sectors represented by Summit participants included fisherman, rafters, farmers, market vendors, small business operators, transportation drivers, domestic service providers, hotel managers, wealthy property owners, government representatives (parish and national), environmental managers, elected officials, chamber of commerce directors, human right activists, crafts people, artists, resort property directors, attorneys, conservationists, physicians, media, wildlife managers, peace corps volunteers, teachers, youth, regional planners, and architects. The Team was able to obtain community perspectives on needed socio-economic improvements and environmental management for communities in Portland. This information coupled with the issues of concern and potential solutions offered by Summit participants provided the Portland SCD Jump-Team with sufficient data to integrate into the design of “Next Steps” for Portland toward Blue Lagoon Restoration and Sustainable Community Development of surrounding towns and villages. Contact: Ms. Valerie Facey, The Mill at Manor House, 184A Constant Spring Rd. P.O. Box 167, Kingston 8, Jamaica West Indies – e-mail: valequest@gmail.com – Tel. 876-925-6886 or Ms. Beverly Boos, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA – e-mail: bkboos@fas.harvard.edu – Tel: 617-947-7972.

Sustainability Professionals 2010 Competency Study, International Society of Sustainability Professionals (ISSP), Portland, OR (June 2009 – April 2010). The field of sustainability is rapidly growing and evolving. As such, an increasing number of professionals are providing needed services in a variety of areas: planning and auditing, organizational implementation and management systems, energy and waste management, watershed adaptive management, community development, sustainability science, business improvement, building and facilities management to name just a few. With this proliferation comes growing confusion and disparity in the quality and consistency of services as well as potential confusion regarding basic principles and concepts. The time has come to engage the professional community in a dialogue about the competencies professionals in the diverse areas of sustainability should have to bring consistency to the level of professionalism in the field, help those who want to enter the field with their development, and aid consumers in distinguishing among consultants, providers, vendors and potential employees.I collaborated with other Advisory Board members of the ISSP to conduct an inquiry that would forge consensus around the competencies, practices, and methodologies that define the professional practice of sustainable development. This project is creating a comprehensive taxonomy of competencies and skills that define professional conduct and practice in the field. This taxonomy will be a valuable resource to the profession as it would provide clear guidance to members of the field for their new or continuing professional development. This study takes into consideration the complexity of disciplines that are presently engaged in the practice of international sustainable development and the emerging field of sustainability science and included the following:

  1. Identify key stakeholders (national and international) and enlist their engagement in the collective, community process of evaluating and recommending competencies appropriate for the sustainable development practitioner to possess.
  2. Research existing academic programs and other training/learning mechanisms to cull the “sustainability” competencies targeted in their curricula.
  3. Survey corporate America for information on job descriptions and skills personnel recruiters use to hire the “typical” sustainability practitioner.
  4. Produce a Briefing (white) Paper on the findings of research devoted to educational and employment standard skills related to the practice of sustainable development.
  5. Design a workshop process to seek peer-review of competency data collected.

The professionals involved published the Competency Study results in the journal Environmental Quality Management. Once the competencies for practice in sustainable development are identified and agreed to by professionals in this multi-disciplinary field, we will be in a position to partner with Institutions of Higher Education in developing or strengthening curricula to train their graduates. Contact: Dr. Marsha Willard, CEO, AXIS Performance Advisors, Inc. and Int. Soc. Sustainability Prof., Exec. Dir., 2515 NE 17th Ave., Portland, OR 97212. tel: (503) 284-9132. e-mail: marsha@axisperformance.com.

Kayak Point Park Community Visioning, Snohomish County, WA (2009-2010). Served as lead facilitator in designing and conducting public participation activities directed at community visioning and action strategy planning for habitat protection, coastal & beach restoration, and facilities improvement of a Park on the Puget Sound. Worked with Snohomish County Parks & Recreation (WA), the Snohomish County Marine Resources Committee, and the NGO, People for Puget Sound (Seattle, WA). Employed Technology of Participation and Pattern Mapping facilitation tools to assist stakeholders in identifying their core values related to the Park and articulating their vision for sustainable development of the Park over the next 20 years that would promote sound environmental protection, multiple recreational uses, equitable public access to the Puget Sound, and restoration policies compatible with the larger Sound ecosystem. Provided scientific support to facilitate public dialogue in defining and assessing specific action strategies that simultaneously considered ecological, social, and economic issues related to coastal marine habitat restoration and facilities improvement. Contact: Ms. Sharon Swan, Senior Park Planner, Snohomish County Parks & Recreation, 6705 Puget Park Dr., Snohomish, WA 98296 – e-mail: Sharon.swan@co.snohomish.wa.us – Tel: 425-388-6616; Mr. Jamie Wine, Community Educator, People for Puget Sound, 911 Western Ave., Suite 580, Seattle, WA 98104 – e-mail: jwine@pugetsound.org – Tel: 206-382-7005.

Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable, Washington, DC (2003-2009). Serve on the Steering Committee of the Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable (SWRR) whose mission is to promote exchange of water resource information and sustainability indicator measures among government, industry, professional, public interest, and academic groups. I Serve as a member and advisor of a task force convened to examine the criteria that define sustainable water resources for the United States. The task force is comprised of governmental officials, industry representatives, non-profit organizations, academicians, and consultants that meet regularly to synthesize and integrate data relative to the sustainability of surface and groundwater resources. I contribute through meeting planning, research on water indicators, facilitation of workgroups and large meetings, and 4 peer-reviewed publications including: The Sustainable Development of Water Resources; Water resource sustainable management: Thinking like a watershed; Chesapeake Bay: The Opportunity for Integrated Solutions, pg. 26-31. In: Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable Report; and Missouri River Basin: Need for Sustainable Management, pgs. 32-39. In: Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable Report. Contact: Dr. David Berry, Washington, DC.tel: (703) 741-0791. e-mail: davidberry@aol.com or Mr. John Wells, Minnesota Environ. Quality Bd., St. Paul, MN 55155. tel: (651) 201-2475. e-mail: john.wells@state.mn.us.

Sustainability Indicator Research for Sustainable Seattle, WA. (April-July, 2008). Researched and updated "Communities Count" indicators for the Natural and Built Environment section. These indicators included Air Quality, Water Quality, Land Cover, Farmland Treated with Chemicals, and Commute Choices. Updating of indicators is the same as in the 2005 report and/or are among "B-Sustainable" sets of indicators. For each indicator, the indicator template in Sustainable Seattle database was updated, new public information graph(s) were prepared, a short introduction and a set of narrative bullets for the new report were developed, and the Data Source, Definition, and Limitations of each indicator was clearly identified. Contact: Executive Director, Sustainable Seattle, 1402 Third Avenue, Suite 1220, Seattle, WA 98101. tel: (206)622-3522. e-mail: megan@sustainableseattle.org.

NW Diversity Learning Series: Colliding over politics: Are we so divided? (July 2008). Contracted by AmericaSpeaks and the GilDeane Group to facilitate sessions intended to transform some of the most strident diversity tensions we as a society face in our organizations and our communities in order to enhance people’s ability to distinguish between core values and political issues and to communicate effectively with colleagues based on these distinctions. Contact: Barbara Deane, The GilDeane Group, Inc, 13751 Lake City Way NE Suite 210, Seattle, WA, 98125-8612. tel. (206) 362-0336. e-mail: gil7deane@earthlink.net. or Dr. Carolyn J. Lukensmeyer, President, AmericaSpeaks, 1050 17th Street, NW Suite 701, Washington, DC 20009-1404. tel: 202-775-3939 x 1005. e-mail: cjl@americaspeaks.org.

Sustainability Education Curriculum Design and Teaching, Bainbridge Graduate Institute, Bainbridge Island, WA (2007-2008). Taught a graduate course in the Bainbridge Graduate Institute's MBA program on “Introduction to Sustainability in Business” and designed the curriculum for and taught a graduate course on “Sustainable Community Economic Development: Design, Tools, & Practice.” Contact: Ms. Jane Silberstein, Associate Dean, Bainbridge Graduate Institute, 284 Madrona Way NE, Suite 124, Bainbridge Island, WA 98110. tel: (206) 855-9559. e-mail: jane.silberstein@bgiedu.org.

Strategic Planning for the Town of Dauphin Island (AL) to Attain Sustainable Economic Development & Environmental Protection (January - December 2007). Five E's Unlimited assisted the Town of Dauphin Island in developing a long-term strategy and implementation plan for community development that created a more hazard resistant community able to balance economic development with environmental protection and conservation. Our consultant services included (1) reviewing existing documents and statutes applicable to future development, (2) providing stakeholder sustainability awareness and inventorying all stakeholder place-based interests, values, practices, and future vision, (3) conducting community asset identification via public consultation processes, (4) developing visual frameworks of historical and current conditions that could influence changes in environment, community development, and cultural views, (5) planning and designing management strategies through public participation, including the visualization of possible futures and related timelines for progress, and (6) promoting implementation of a sustainable management strategy and measurement processes. During the final phases of the project we worked collaboratively with the Planning Commission and others in identifying how this strategic planning process could be integrated into the Island’s Comprehensive Plan. This project was summarized in a recent publication entitled "Seeking Resiliency in the Development of Sustainable Communities." The Dauphin Island project was recently recognized as a finalist in the IAP2 2009 Project of the Year Award. This international recognition was related to the project's diversity and breadth of sustainable strategic planning, as well as promotion of successful public participation. Funding for this work came from the Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium; the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources; and the Mobile Bay National Estuary Program. Contact: Ms. Nannette Davidson, Planning Commission, Town of Dauphin Island, AL 36528. tel: (251)861-5525, ext. 25. e-mail: ndavidson@townofdauphinisland.org.

Community Sustainable Development Assistance, Lake Tahoe (CA)-Northern Nevada (September, 2006). Served as a member of a Sustainable Design Assessment Team (SDAT) for the American Institute of Architects (AIA), Communities by Design program. Conducted a week-long charrette designed to help the communities of Lake Tahoe, Truckee, Reno, and Carson City assess their strengths and weaknesses with regards to water resources, land-use, transportation, energy, and economic development. Conducted a series of workshops to develop the background on issues, seek stakeholder input on core values and important concerns for the future, and provide recommendations for the communities to proceed in a sustainable fashion. Developed a team Assessment Report that strongly recommended to the different communities that they begin to plan on a regional basis since they are very closely linked by a common watershed, transportation corridors, commerce, and labor force. Affordable housing was also a significant issue to all communities involved in the assessment. My leadership in water quality issues provided a strategic process for the involved communities into the exploration and design of Low Impact Development (LID) policies for future development guidance in the region. Contact: Mr. Peter J. Arsenault, Stantec Architecture, Inc, 2060 Brighton-Henrietta Townline Road, 2nd Floor, Rochester, NY 14623. tel: (585)413-5305. email: parsenault@stantec.com or Dr. Richard Licata, Professor of Architecture, Truckee Meadows Community College, 5250 Neil Road, Suite 301-G, Reno, Nevada 89502. tel: (775)750-8852. e-mail: rlicata@tmcc.edu.

Community Sustainable Development Assistance, Guemes Island, WA (June, 2006). Served as a member of a Sustainable Design Assessment Team (SDAT) for the American Institute of Architects, Communities By Design program. Conducted a week-long charrette process designed to help the Guemes Island community assess their choices and issues and define a path toward formulating strategies and solutions in their commitment to planning for a sustainable future. Team research and public consultation focused upon five community objectives that included: preserve the island’s rural character; conserve water and protect the quality of the island’s sole source aquifer; resolve transportation disagreements; protect wildlife and shoreline habitat; and increase island energy independence. Community participants commented that the sessions were far more valuable in examining the bases of their prejudices, wishes, and positions than they had expected. “One of the things that really impressed me was how many different voices and people, who often disagree, were brought together in this process,” said one participant. “Having all their input has made us all aware that we do have a community with a common vision. It’s made us all energized and hopeful about our future.” Team work assisted the community who was anxious to take charge of its future, especially with regards to controlling growth that’s compromising the Island’s rural legacy. The week’s work created an Assessment Report that described the blueprint the Island would recommend as its sub-area plan to document much of the philosophy, direction and tools that will eventually be adopted as the Island’s land-use plan by Skagit County. My leadership on community water issues assisted participants with identifying alternatives for regulating water use and providing alternative water supply by imagining seven potential futures for the Island’s development. Identifying water supply and quality problems associated with each of those potential scenarios provided the community an opportunity to develop solutions to each of those problems, resulting in an action plan. Contact: Ms. Erica Gees, Kuhn Riddle Architects, 7 North Pleasant Street, Amherst, MA 01002. tel: (413)259-1621. e-mail: egees@kuhnriddle.com or Ms. Marianne Kooiman, Anacortes, WA 98221. tel: (360) 293-581. e-mail: eyrie@cnw.com.

The Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), Port Hartcourt, Nigeria, Western Africa. (March-September, 2005) Advised private sector and government on sustainable community development in the Niger River Delta region, Nigeria (West Africa). Designed and developed programming that would implement an NDDC Master Plan for the rapid, even, and sustainable development of the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Advised the Partners for Sustainable Development Forum (PSDF) on the principles and tools to use in implementing sustainable community development actions for the 9 States of the Niger Delta Region. Designed a process which outlined the minimum human and logistics capacities required in each directorate of the NDDC in light of anticipated responsibilities for guiding implementation of the region’s Master Plan. Developed instruments and procedure for testing all Master Plan programs and projects, including the NDDC’s defined Quick Impact Projects (QIPs) for social, economic and environmental sustainability. Facilitated Participatory Regional Assessment (PRA) activities to build human capacity in target communities for sustainable revitalization action programs, emphasizing equally economic, environmental, and social justice issues. Provided guidance on processes for the monitoring and evaluation of projects designed and implemented under the NDDC Development Master Plan. Designed and implemented communications and advocacy projects to ensure sustained stakeholder confidence and participation in the NDDC sustainable community development plan implementation. Advised public and private stakeholders on the design of a Sustainable Technology Industrial Park (STIP) that emphasized principles of industrial ecology and eco-efficiency and stressed the importance of business attention to the triple bottom line. Contact: Mr. Uzo Nduka, Shell Oil, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. tel: 011-23484575136. e-mail: Uzochukwu.Nduka@shell.com or uzonduka@yahoo.com.

Cultural Tourism DC, Washington, DC (July 2004). Provided group facilitation for a group of 25 workshop participants representing different organizations and governmental agencies in Washington DC that work to promote cultural tourism. Used Technology of Participation (ToP) methods to facilitate the efforts of workshop participants in strategic planning toward the implementation of policies and actions that would grow cultural tourism in the Shaw area of inner-city Washington, DC. Contact: Ms. Kathryn Smith, Executive Director, Cultural Tourism DC, 1250 H Street, NW, Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20005. tel: (202) 661-7581. e-mail: ksmith@culturaltourismdc.org.or Ms. Lori Dobson, Project Manager, Cultural Toursim Dc, 1250 H Street, NW, Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20005. tel: (202) 626-1149. e-mail: ldobson@culturaltourismdc.org.

Shaw Main Streets, Washington, DC (January - October 2004). Provided group facilitation services to Shaw Main Streets, a community-based, non-profit organization devoted to the commercial revitalization of the 7th and 9th Street corridors of Northwest Washington, DC. Facilitated the work of volunteer committees using Technology of Participation (TOP) and Appreciative Inquiry (AI) methods to develop projects that would promote economic revitalization and equitable community development in an historic, culturally diverse area of the District’s urban environment. Designed and conducted several Open Space Technology workshops to obtain community-wide input on Shaw Main Street’s programming for its 5 year strategic plan. Contact: Mr. Matthew B. Comstock, Chair, Board of Directors, Shaw Main Streets, Inc., 638 Q Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001. tel: (202) 942-0156: (202) 365-0911 (cell). e-mail: comstockm@sec.gov.

Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST), Washington, DC (January 2003). Served as a technical facilitator/mediator to CAST. Provided design and facilitation to three breakout sessions of the Council for Agricultural Science and Technology’s Workshop on "Biotechnology-Derived Perennial Turf and Forage Grasses: Criteria for Evaluation" held in January 2003. Led the dialogue of more than 100 workshop participants discussing the state-of-the-art and possible criteria to be used for evaluating environmental safety and potential benefits and risks of these grasses relative to traditional varieties. Through ADR I assisted participants with differing views of potential solutions to help them work through their differences and arrive at some agreement on these contentious issues. Contact: Ms. Cindy Lynn Richard, Program Coordinator, Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST), 505 Capitol Court, NE, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20002. tel: (202)675-8333; ext. 12. e-mail: crichard@cast-science.org.

Public Communication Campaign for Sustainable Development, Washington, DC (2003-2005). Joint collaboration with several other committed professionals on a project focused upon developing public communication strategies that would promote specific public behavior changes (1) necessary to achieve an environmentally sustainable world and (2) simple for consumers to understand and implement. This project was designed to influence public behavior changes, reinforced by available scientific knowledge, that would help protect wilderness areas and create a viable, healthy future for the biosphere. Consultant work focused on expressing the rationale for sustainable development through coherent and compelling communications designed to make sustainability part of the daily behaviors and attitudes of all people. Collaborative activities include the development of a Public Service Announcement for distribution to major TV networks around the US. The project, “A Better Future,” was a coherent, compelling and scientifically supported campaign designed to help consumers embrace concepts of sustainability as a national and international priority by introducing/reinforcing specific behaviors that support a more healthy, humane and environmentally sustainable world. The project produced a 90 second music-video that is still being viewed today by the public on YouTube (A Better Future).

Clermont County Educational Service Center, Batavia, OH (January-May 2004). Contracted by the Clermont County Educational Service to develop the content for and produce a series of distance-learning lectures and companion on-line learning modules on sustainable development for high school students that focus on national and global issues of sustainability students can relate to in their own communities. Employed distance-learning video-conferencing technology to conducted 12 learning sessions during 2004 that introduced students to the concept of sustainable development and presented educational information on a number of contemporary problems students read about in the newspapers in the context of sustainable development principles. Student learning was further supported by development of sustainable development content modules students could access on-line prior to participating in each week’s video-conference topic. This project reached 18 high schools throughout Ohio and a total of 438 students during the Spring 2004 school year. Contact: Dr. Cathy McDonald, Clermont County Educational Service Center, 2400 Clermont Center Dr., Suite #202, Batavia, OH 45103. tel: (513) 735-8356. e-mail: MacdonaldC@ccesc.org.

Revitalization of a Sustainable Community on Rathlin Island, Northern Ireland, U.K. (September-November, 2003). International Countryside Stewardship Exchange, Cold Spring, NY. Served as a member of a Countryside Stewardship Exchange team sponsored by the Glynwood Center (Cold Spring, NY) and the Countryside Exchange Institute (Manchester, UK). My role on the team was to carry-out community asset assessment, evaluate community-based development of natural marine resources, offer guidance on sustainable community development around the issues of economy and community capacity, and work with other team members on collectively making recommendations for Rathlin Island to progress on their strategic planning and implementation of actions in a sustainable and secure way. Work included evaluation of present conditions, resolving conflict among varying points of view within the community, and reporting on collective steps the community could take to achieve its goal of sustainability. Contact: Ms. Judith M. LaBelle, President, Countryside Stewardship Exchange Inst., Glynwood Center, P.O. Box 157, Cold Spring, NY 10516. tel: (914) 265-3338. e-mail: jlabelle@glynwood.org.

Resource Development Consultant to the District of Columbia, Washington, DC (2002-2003). Through contractual agreements with the NGO, Sustainable DC, provided consultant services to the DC Office of the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development to design and formulate strategy in response to a National AmeriCorps request for proposals. Researched the activities of five DC Main Street Programs and incorporated their strategic approach into an application for funding from the National AmeriCorps Program that would support the skill development, community service, and reinvestment of human resources into ongoing community revitalization efforts of the participating Main Street Program efforts. Submitted a funding application to the DC AmeriCorps Program office in January 2003.

West Clermont School District, Milford, OH (2002-2003). Contracted by the West Clermont School District in Cincinnati, OH as a Sustainability Education Consultant to develop a series of distance-learning lectures on sustainable development that focus on global issues emphasized by the WSSD in the summer of 2002, as well as issues the students could relate to in their own communities. Conducted 9 distance-learning sessions during spring semester of 2003 that introduced students to the concept of sustainable development and presented a number on contemporary problems students read about in the newspapers in the context of sustainable development principles. Contact: Mr. James Mangold, 820 Wallace Ave., Milford, OH 45150. tel: (513) 378-8115. e-mail: jmangold@infomedia-vc.com.

National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington, DC (2002-2003). Served for nine months as a Sustainability Conference Planning Committee Member, Assisted the National Council for Science and the Environment in the planning of their 3rd Annual Conference (January 2003) entitled "Education for a Sustainable and Secure Future." As a Conference Planning Committee member contributed to designing the conference agenda, identifying experts to serve as speakers and panelists, and writing parts of the Pre-conference Briefing Document on Sustainability Education and Communication. Also co-designed and co-facilitated a breakout session during the conference that involved 40 Conference participants working on the specific task of defining a "Strategy for a National Public Communications Campaign on Sustainable Development." Contact: Dr. David Blockstein, Senior Scientist, National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE), 1101 17th St. NW, Suite 250, Washington, DC 20036. tel: (202) 207-0004. e-mail: david@cnie.org.

Resort Municipality of Whistler, British Columbia, Canada (February-November, 2002). Provided the Whistler community and government (British Columbia, Canada) with expert opinions and data on sustainability as they would apply to a resort community to inspire long range planning and enhance sound economic development in tourism and recreation. Retained to prepare a Comprehensive Sustainability Plan that was produced during 2002. The RMOW required that the consultant team, of which I was the lead consultant for the Sustainable Destination Resort Background Report development, work to examine and define sustainability criteria in the context of the Whistler community. A copy of this report can be found at Whistler It's Our Future. My responsibilities in this effort included working to develop community consensus on sustainable destination resort community characteristics and criteria for evaluating futuring scenarios for the community and government to use in evaluating and choosing their preferable alternative future. Designed methodology for developing a comprehensive plan that was not simply collaborative with the community, but that was initiated, driven and concluded by the community. Assisted the public in understanding issues surrounding sustainability and how methodology should be applied to the key economic development issues facing the community. Responsible for guaranteeing the public's considered opinion was recorded and reconciled through further consultation and that the Comprehensive Sustainability Plan was set for implementation. Contact: Mr. Mike Purcell, The Natural Step Canada, 355 Waverley Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 0W4. tel: (705) 495-2822 or (613) 748-3001, ext. 300. e-mail: mpurcell@naturalstep.ca or Ms. Becky Zimmerman, Principal, Design Workshop, Inc., 1390 Lawrence Street, Suite 200, Denver, CO 80204. tel: (303) 623-5186. e-mail: bzimm@designworkshop.com.

Strategic Planning Consultant and Facilitator to the Non-Profit Organization, Sustainable DC (SDC), Washington, DC (September 2001 - January 2004). Served as a facilitator for this non-profit organization in the conduct of several different activities. Facilitated several Board of Director’s workshops on strategic planning efforts. Develop a formal organizational structure for this non profit that would assist other NGO's in Washington, DC to holistically achieve their various objectives related to sustainable development within the City, establishing the organization as a "Broker" for sustainable development initiatives in the region that promoted the "Best Practices of Sustainability." Also designed and facilitated a community workshop hosted by Sustainable DC where 47 community stakeholders explored the value of employing sustainable development to plan and implement public works projects in Washington, DC. Developed the format and agenda for a series of "Sustainability Dialogue" forums held in the Spring-Summer of 2001 by SDC and facilitated their conduct. Served as editor for the organization's publishing of a bi weekly, on line (Internet) newsletter, "Sustainability Outlook," that initially reached more than 500 subscribers. Contact: Dr. Mark Starik, School of Business & Public Management, Environmental and Social Sustainability Initiative (ESSI), George Washington Univ., 203 Monroe Hall, Washington, DC 20052. tel: (202) 994-5621. e-mail: essi@gwu.edu. or Ms. Janet Bearden, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. tel: (202) 564-6245. e-mail: bearden.janet@epa.gov.

Beyond Creation, Muncie, IN (2000-2001). Assisted with the organization's initial planning and formal non-profit structure development. Designed and published the organization's web site. Assisted the organization's founder in the development and exhibition of the EARTH CHILD Project, a mobile playhouse laboratory that demonstrates different aspects of green building design and the ultimate conservation strategies that evolve in watershed protection from consumers utilizing the recommended green building strategies and energy/water conservation strategies in their own households. Assisted in the exhibition of the EARTH CHILD Project mobile laboratory on the Washington, DC Mall during Earth Day in 2001. Contact: Ms. Willow Thomas, Beyond Creation, ARC, P.O. Box 398, Springfield OH 45501. tel: (937) 727-1040. e-mail: WillowT37@aol.com.

Task Force Member of Working Landscape Conference Initiative, Minneapolis, MN (2000-2001). Worked with government agency reps, NGOs, and academicians to fact-find, lead the design, and implement a full participatory conference on sustainability of "Working Landscapes in the Mid-West". Conference design digressed from traditional format to stimulate full participant contribution of collective wisdom, buy-in, and "back-home" implementation of recommended actions promoting land based economic activity that sustains families, communities, and watershed integrity, while also providing multiple benefits to society.

Sustainable Communities Workshop, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington, DC (2002-2003). Designed and facilitated two-day Conference Workshop on "Sustainable Communities" to gather collective participant agreement on the science and information delivery needs required to advance concepts of sustainable communities via National Science Foundation research initiatives and Federal Legislation proposals. Contact: Dr. David Blockstein, Senior Scientist, National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE), 1101 17th St. NW, Suite 250, Washington, DC 20036. tel: (202) 207-0004. e-mail: david@cnie.org.

Community Conflict Resolution Training, Creede/Mineral County Chamber of Commerce, Creede, CO (January 2000). Provided community conflict training in the San Luis Valley of Colorado, during 2000. I worked with seven communities in southern Colorado, as part of the Kellogg Foundation's Managing Information in Rural America (MIRA) Program, to explore areas of conflict resolution toward developing sustainable economic development that guaranteed natural resource and diverse community cultural protection. Contact: Ms. Liz Ebel-Louth, Executive Director, Creede/Mineral County Chamber of Commerce, Creede, CO 81130. tel: (719) 658-2374. e-mail: creede@amigo.net.

Managing Community Change & Conflict Resolution Training, South Mountain Area MIRA Community Cluster (MS), Duck Hill, MS (December 1999). Work involved Community Development Programming through training and workshops on managing change in communities. Provided training and consultation to rural southern communities focused upon empowering youth to become involved with sustainable community development, the use of telecommunications technology for advancing economic development, the design of community-based research projects, and the use of geographic information systems for determining community assets. Also assisted rural school districts in Mississippi with in-school conflict resolution. Contact: Ms. Drustella White, Coordinator, 307 Main St., Duck Hill, MS 38925. tel: (662) 565-2478. e-mail: alfowhite@aol.com.

Smart Growth Planning & Community Information Technology Training, Warren County (IA) Economic Development Corporation, Indianola, IA (June 1999). Contracted services included telecommunications technology training and environmental consulting on sustainable agriculture design, problem-solving for smart economic development issues, and rural land-use assessment. Provided consultation to guide rural sustainability by design of integrative strategies for social, economic, and ecologic concerns. Assisted in evaluation of land-use, urban sprawl, & smart growth issues related to an adjacent metropolitan region. Facilitated a program on "Community Information Technology Training and Capacity Building" in southern Iowa as part of the Kellogg Foundation's MIRA Program. Contact: Ms. Susan Judkin, R/CPDF Project Manager, IA Department of Economic Development, Des Moines, IA 50309. tel: (515) 242-4780. e-mail: Susan.Judkins@ided.state.ia.us.

Training Consultant for Community Information Technology, New River Valley MIRA Community Cluster (VA), Blacksburg, VA (November 1998). Provided "Community Information Technology Training and Community Capacity Building" to 10 different communities in southwestern Virginia, as part of the Kellogg Foundation's Program "Managing Information in Rural America" (MIRA). Work involved facilitating community capacity development and training in telecommunications use. Contact: Mr. Andy Morikawa, MIRA Steering Committee, 1505 Westover Dr., Blacksburg, VA 24060. tel: (540) 951-0090. e-mail: andym@swva.net.

Rural Coastal Community Development, Virginia Eastern Shore, Virginia Cooperative Extension Service, Exmore, VA (1994-1998). Designed and assisted in implementation of a project on sustainable rural development with a team of stakeholders in two very poor counties of the Eastern Shore of Virginia, focused upon building community capacity. The emphasis of this capacity-building initiative was to empower stakeholders toward the taking charge of their own destiny with regard to environmental and economic sustainability. The ultimate goal of the Program was to develop a long- term plan for training, citizen empowerment, obtaining informational resources, and implementing other community programming in order to assist communities in improving their economic, social, and environmental assets, while also achieving self-sufficiency. Advised communities and jurisdictions on coastal bay habitat & water quality issues, adaptive, integrated watershed management practices, sustainable agricultural land use, rural countryside management, urban growth/re-development, and sustainable residential unit design. Designed a rural development model for environmentally sustainable agricultural, value-added agribusiness, eco-tourism growth, fisheries enhancement, and community-based natural resource management. Contact: Ms. Brenda Holden, Senior Extension Agent, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Northampton County Office, 5432-A Bayside Road, Exmore, VA 23350 - tel. (757)414-0731. e-mail: bholden@vt.edu.

The Town of Exmore, Exmore, VA (January - August, 1997). Provided contracted services as a planning consultant to the Virginia Eastern Shore Town of Exmore (USA) in their preparation of a Five Year Comprehensive Plan. Facilitated community organizing and public participation in revision of the Town's existing plan and wrote the final document. Provided information technology training and conflict resolution in support of the Town's public hearing process toward the implementation of plan proposals. Contact: Mr. David Scanlan, Town of Exmore, Town Council, P.O. Box 647, Exmore, VA 23350. tel: (757) 442-3114.

Northampton High School, Eastville, VA. (1996-1997). Worked with Northampton County High School on developing a pilot program that links studies of historic culture with an awareness and understanding for the importance of a region's environmental quality by integrating environmental/cultural education into the mainstream teaching of high school courses in a multi-culture setting. Process puts student's learning experiences into a context that is aligned with their life experiences. As a result of this work, published a paper in the International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education (1(2):191-202; June, 2000) entitled "Interdisciplinary Education in Sustainability: Links in Secondary & Higher Education - The Northampton Legacy Program."

Sustainable Community Development in the Dumphries-Galloway Machars Region of Scotland, International Countryside Stewardship Exchange, Cold Spring, NY (September-November, 1996). International consulting as a multi-discipline, team member. Provided advice and technical assistance on community-based natural resource management, watershed resource conservation, sustainable rural economic development, fisheries and aquaculture activity expansion, advancement of value-added fisheries processes, rural village revitalization, eco-tourism development, coastal ecosystem protection, and cultural asset evaluation, for NGOs and governments of the Dumphries-Galloway Machars region of western Scotland. Contact: Ms. Judith M. LaBelle, President, Countryside Stewardship Exchange Inst., Glynwood Center, P.O. Box 157, Cold Spring, NY 10516 - tel: (914)265-3338.

Use of Offshore Oil/Gas Structures for Marine Food Production, Watermark, Inc, New Orleans, LA (1993-1994). Worked as a Project Advisor to Watermark Inc. to advise on sustainable use of spent oil/gas rigs for development of aquaculture infrastructure able to grow marine fish species for food production in offshore waters of the Gulf of Mexico..

State of Louisiana, Barataria-Terrebonne National Estuary Program, Thibodaux, LA (1993-1994). Served as the prime contractor for facilitating the development of this large program's draft Comprehensive Conservation Management Plan (CCMP). Designed and facilitated an 18-month public consultation project seeking collective input of over 100 stakeholders (citizens, scientists, businesses, and governmental representatives). Assisted investigation of environmental and socio-economic issues related to protection of the Barataria-Terrebonne National Estuary Program (BTNEP) system and deemed important in developing a comprehensive strategic plan for resource conservation and economic development. Coordinated stakeholder proposals for integrated coastal zone management in accordance with the provisions of NEPA and Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) standards. The facilitation and mediation work were especially challenging because of the adversity that existed among different stakeholders regarding property rights, environmental protection, and economic development. Conflict resolution was often the tactic required to carry this work to its successful completion of compiling a draft Plan document. Contact: Mr. Kerry St. Pe', Nicholls State Univ., Thibodaux LA 70301. tel: (800) 259-0869. e-mail: kerry@btnep.org.

Evaluation of Toxic Chemical Exposure in the Great Lakes, SUNY at Buffalo, NY (1989–91).. Served as project manager for a bi-national inquiry into the human health risk from exposure to toxic chemicals in the Canada-US Great Lakes Basin. Designed and facilitated an 18 month scientific inquiry by 85 international scientists, governmental officials, industry representatives, tribal council elders, and community group members on the topic of human health risk from exposure to toxic chemicals in the Great Lakes. Achieved inclusive stakeholder participation, designed the workshop framework, and served as lead-facilitator in the multidisciplinary assessment to identify present knowledge and make recommendations to achieve better protection of the ecosystem and human health, following NEPA guidelines and bi-lateral agreements with Canada under the Clean Water Act. Designed the public/scientific consultation process and facilitated key forums that focused upon remediating conflict and developing consensus. I edited a monograph on the results of seeking consensus among the various stakeholder groups, Human Health Risks From Chemical Exposure: The Great Lakes Ecosystem published in 1991, that still serves as a reference to the Canada-US International Joint Commission. Contact: Dr. Farrell Boyce, 10675 Madrona Dr., North Saanich, BC, V8L 5L8 Canada. tel: (250) 656-7953. e-mail: fmboyce@shaw.ca or Dr. John Vena, Social And Preventive Medicine, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208. tel: (803) 777-7333. e-mail: jvena@sc.edu. or Barry B Boyer, Professor of Law, University at Buffalo, NY 14260. tel: (716) 645-3989. e-mail: boyer@acsu.buffalo.edu.

Pollution Impact from IXTOC-I Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1979). Served as a scientific Principal Investigator on an international team (Mexico-U.S.) that advised the Mexican and U.S. governments on pollution control assessment and remediation along the Texas (USA) Gulf Coast from the Bay of Campeche, Gulf of Mexico, IXTOC-1 oil well blow out. Conducted toxicity tests on marine organisms and advised on wildlife effects from pollution.

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